HMO Rules And Regulations You Need To Know

hmo property landlord, become a landlord, invest in hmo property, hmo rules, hmo licence

Owning an HMO property comes with its own standards and rules, as well as its own unique responsibilities. If you choose to invest in an HMO property and become a landlord, you need to be aware of the rules governing tenancy and how to make it easy for you as well as your tenant.

According to, you can make the tenancy agreement either be for a fixed long-term period, or it can be on a weekly or monthly basis. The tenancy agreement can be oral or written; but keep in mind that anything not in writing can usually be disputed. All agreements of this nature should be deemed fair by both parties and comply with all tenancy laws.

You then have to understand your legal steps to having official status as an HMO property landlord. First, go to your local council and apply for a licence to rent. According to, it is valid for five years, and you must renew it before it runs out or you could incur a hefty fine in the thousands. With each HMO property you buy, you need a separate licence in order to rent them.

Additionally, all landlords of an HMO property must give each tenant a copy of the “How to Rent Guide” if the property is in England. This can be found online at or from the Department for Communities and Local Government which is part of the rented housing sector.

hmo property landlord, become a landlord, invest in hmo property, hmo rules, hmo licence HMO property landlords must also supply their tenant with an Energy Performance Certificate, (EPC), before occupancy of the property occurs. An EPC tells the occupant that the energy use and the cost to run anything in the home are within the average range of the other HMO properties in the same area on a rating scale of A, (most efficiency), to G, (lowest efficiency). It also gives the tenant some tips on how to reduce their energy use and how to save money if they do this. You also have to find a credited assessor to perform the analysis of the HMO property. They also can be found through the Department for Communities and Local Government in conjunction with the housing sector. Once the process is complete, EPC’s are valid for ten years. Also, you must send your council an updated gas safety certificate on a yearly basis. You also may be asked to show safety certificates for all the electrical appliances in the property as well.

Additional responsibilities of the HMO landlord include the following according to

  • proper fire safety measures are in place – for licensed HMOs smoke detectors must be installed
  • annual gas safety checks are carried out
  • electrics are checked every 5 years
  • the property is not overcrowded
  • there are adequate cooking and washing facilities
  • communal areas and shared facilities are clean and in good repair
  • there are enough rubbish bins/bags

If you, as an HMO property landlord comply with all rules, regulations, and responsibilities and have any issues with a tenant or compliance, you have the right to file a complaint with the Residential Property Tribunal on your own or through a leasehold advisory service.

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